An industrial robot is an automated and programmable machine that can be incorporated in the manufacturing systems. With automation taking manufacturing industries to new heights in terms of technology, many companies are embracing the applications of industrial robots in their manufacturing processes.
Some industries that are using industrial robots include; aerospace, electronics, automotive, E-Commerce, healthcare, pharmaceuticals, food, quality control and inspection, manufacturing, computers, warehouse and distribution, and medical products.
In this article, we will look at the uses, applications, and benefits of industrial robots in the manufacturing systems.
Uses of Industrial Robots
Quality Control; Industrial robots are usually deployed to perform repetitive or hazardous tasks such as testing and inspection procedures.
Load Building; Robots can also be used to assemble a pallet load of products. This process is usually done at the end of the production process.
Transportation; Once pallet loads are assembled, robots can then load them together before transport.
Manufacturing; Robots are widely being used to perform processing and gathering roles to work-in-process.
Warehousing; another way robots are being used is removing received products from the palettes and sending them to stowing sites within a facility.
Applications of Industrial Robots
Capable of operating various products, industrial robots are usually fast, mighty, handy, and subtle. The handling applications in which industrial robots can perform include; pick and place from a conveyer belt to packaging and machine tending. In machine tending, raw materials are usually fed into the processing equipment by the use of industrial robots such as CNC mills, injection molding machines, and lathes and presses.
This is where industrial robots load corrugated cartons and other packaged products onto a particular design pallet. There are three primary types of palletizing, namely; layer forming, depalletizing and mixed cases.
Robotic palletizers usually rely on an overhead support robot with special tooling that borders with the specific load components, building simple to compound layer designs on top of a pallet, thereby maximizing the loads’ steadiness during transportation.
Sealing and Gluing
To effectively put on adhesive or sealant, a robot precisely trails a path with reasonable control over speed, while maintaining a controlled droplet of the glued substrate. Areas in which robots are widely used for sealing applications include; the automotive industry to seal car windows, and in packaging procedures for computerized sealing of crenelated product cases.
As a result of their hazardous nature, plasma, water jet cutters, and laser are frequently used with robots. A robot can be programmed to perform hundreds of diverse cutting designs. This produces accurate precision and path following with superior flexibility than most cutting machinery.
Robots are known to produce accurate welds, as well as control parameters such as gas flow, power, and wire feed. Industrial robots are used for spot welding and seam (MIG, TIG, laser, and arc) welding.
Industrial Robots Benefits
Speed; It has been noted that systems that incorporate robots in their processes record a 50% increase in the production rate.
Accuracy; The fact that robots can perform repetitive tasks with no risks for error guarantees accurate and precise products with every process.
Reduced Product Damage; The robots’ ability to handle products with gentles eliminates the risks of product damage.
Flexibility; Robotic systems can be re-programmed to perform other tasks if need be. Robots with end effectors can be easily switched off to enable the robots to handle different types of loads.
Lower Labor Costs; By incorporating industrial robots into the workplace leads to worker strain being reduced while also freeing operators to perform other tasks.
There are so many areas in which industrial robots can be applied in the manufacturing processes. Their uses are just as many, and the benefits that these robots provide are nothing that can be ignored.
Whether you choose to incorporate one or several robots into your operations, you can never go wrong with automation, as the benefits supersede the disadvantages.